Achilles Tendon Rupture
Treatment on the Achilles tendon depends on the severity of the rupture. Initially the athlete may apply ice and rest the foot, consulting a specialist to look at the injury. For a partial or acute tear, a specialist may apply a cast or boot for the patient to wear for up to 6 weeks. An exercise programme may also be prescribed (Peterson & Renstrom, 2001). These non- operative methods provide greater success in older adults who do not compete at as high or competitive a level (Anderson et al., 2000). In cases of a chronic rupture or for highly competitive athletes, surgical repair to remove the damaged tissue is the most effective method of repair. After surgery the whole recovery time before being able to train fully is around 3-4 months. The first 2 months should be used to allow the tendon to actually heal. The athlete should then look at returning to competitive activity after 4-6 months. Studies have shown surgery to be relatively successful, with 80% of athletes undergoing surgery returning to the previous level of activity (Peterson & Renstrom, 2001).
Anderson, M. K., Hall, S. J., & Martin, M. (2000). Sports injury management. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Anderson, M. K., & Hall, S. J. (1997). Fundamentals of sports injury management. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Peterson, L., & Renstrom, P. (2001). Sports injuries: Their prevention and treatment. CRC Press